The focus on how to deal with negative emotions is a key difference between physical and emotional healing. A qualified professional such as a counselor or psychologist is often needed for emotional healing. Most treatment techniques use cognitive-behavioral therapy, which helps patients deal with emotional pain by addressing underlying thought patterns and emotions. Psychotherapists specialize in treating emotional problems, and can also prescribe medication for some patients.

The most common factors in healing involve the emotional state, the physical body, and internal organs. Research shows that as much as 3/4 of health-related conversations focus on physical symptoms. Shame, stigma, and being second-class to physical symptoms are all associated with emotional health. These two factors are often interrelated and overlap. In addition, the healing process often involves social groups, not individuals.

The most common approach to emotional healing entails the empathetic engagement of the sufferer with the healer. The healer takes something from the patient and attaches it with a symbol to transform the latter. In other words, emotional healing involves overcoming the offending spirits. The healer can overcome spiritual and physical obstacles to liberate the sufferer.